Puma

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About The puma concolor

(Puma concolor) is a carnivorous mammal of the Felidae family native to America.
This big cat lives in more places than any other terrestrial wild mammal on the continent, since it extends from Canada, to the south of the Andes Mountains, Argentina, Peru and Chile in South America.

It is the second largest felid in the Americas, after the jaguar, and the fifth largest in the world, the puma purrs like the smaller felines.
As a hunter and ambush predator, the puma obtains a wide variety of prey. Its main food is like deer, particularly in the northern part of its range, but also hunts camelids such as guanaco and species as small as insects and rodents. It prefers habitat with dense vegetation during the hours of stalking, but can live in open areas.

The puma is territorial and has a low population density. The extent of its territory depends on the vegetation and the abundance of dams.
When competing with other predators such as the jaguar. It is a solitary feline that usually avoids people.

Physical characteristics

Cougars are slender and agile felines. The adult standing size is about 60 to 80 cm high at the shoulders. The length of adult males is about 2.4 m long from the nose to the tail, although in general it ranges between 1.5 and 2.75 m. Males have an average weight between 60 to 80.
The head of the puma is round and the ears are erect. It has powerful front legs, neck, jaw and fangs that serve to catch and kill large prey.
The color of the puma is uniform but can vary greatly between individuals and even between siblings. The coat is usually golden, but it can be silvery gray or reddish, with slight patches on the body.

Hunting and diet

The puma eats any animal it can capture, from insects to large ungulates. Like the other felines, it is an obligate carnivore. Its most important prey are the various species of deer.