Cainarachi poisonous frog


About Cainarachi poison frog (Ameerega Cainarachi)

This species is endemic to the San Martin region, and is also found in the National Park of Manu in Peru. Inhabits up to 400 m of altitude in the Cainarachi river basin.
This species takes its name in reference to the place of its discovery, the Cainarachi River. The Cainarachi poison frog is a member of a group of small New World frogs that are famous for their ability to secrete very potent toxins from their skin. These notable frogs also have extravagant warning colorations and unique pads on their thick skin on the upper side of the fingers.
The amazing Cainarachi poisonous frog is dark red at the top, turning black and bright blue or green at the extremities, with notable yellow stripes that extend to the side of the body. In common with other frogs of the Ameerega genus, the skin on the upper side is slightly grainy and the first finger noticeably elongated. The limbs are short but strong. The Cainarachi poison frog is an agile climber and jumper.


Recognized for the toxic alkaloid secretions it has on its skin and used to paralyze or kill potential predators, the extravagant coloring of the poison frog Cainarachi serves as a warning that it is poisonous. This toxicity is derived from their food, which mainly consists of insects. 


The Cainarachi poison frog is typically found near small streams in the humid tropical forest of the hills.


The reproductive behavior of the Cainarachi poison frog Males tend to be fiercely territorial and participate in competitive vocal exhibitions, calling loudly in a visible way to attract female spectators. Once paired, the male takes the female to a wet cave next to a water fountain where the small handful of eggs is subsequently placed. The male fertilizes the eggs and then protects them until the tadpoles develop. Once incubated, the tadpoles are transported in the back of the male to a stream where they are deposited, eventually the tadpoles will undergo metamorphosis to become adult frogs.