NATIVE PEOPLE OF MANU NATIONAL PARK
Much of the Manu National Park is indigenous territory
The Manu National Park was created in 1973. It is administered by the National Service of Protected Areas by the State (Sernanp). It has more than one million seven hundred thousand hectares ranging from 300 to 3800 meters above sea level. And according to the TEAM Network, “it is the space with the greatest diversity of terrestrial species in the whole world”.
Native People of Manu National Park
Much of the Manu National Park is indigenous territory. The communities of the Yora, Mashko-Piro, Matsiguenka, Harakmbut, Wachipaeri and Yine inhabit ancestrally between the forests and rivers of these jungles. The native people of Manu National Park called Tayakome and Yomibato are recognized within the area. Both are located in the upper area of the Manu River. In the southwest sector there is an association of farmers known as Callanga. In addition, in the northwest sector adjacent to the Manu National Park (and in the interior) there is an undetermined number of indigenous populations in voluntary isolation.
According to the master plan of the Manu National Park, the native people of Manu National Park have the freedom to develop, hunt and grow crops in the area that corresponds to their community. However, they can not carry out activities that give them economic benefits. How to hunt to sell skins or meat, or pick up a tree for furniture and make money with it.
Going out for food in the jungle is not as easy as going to the supermarket. Unlike the city, you never know if you’ll come back with something. It is a game of chance that begins when they themselves are arming their bows and arrows. They put hawk feathers to fly a lot and never go hunting when it rains because the wet arrow does not work.
The first toy that is given to a Machiguenga child is a knife. Survival is something that has been instilled since childhood.
According to some research, diseases and contamination are deadly due to the poor diet and customs of native pople of Manu National Park, such as hygiene habits or abuse of masato at an early age, which makes them more prone to diseases. He states that 70% of children under 5 years of age are malnourished in these communities. And 3 out of 10 people have anemia. The most common for this corner of Peru is malnutrition, respiratory diseases and diarrhea.
The communities have Machiguenga House, a shelter with which they receive some money.