Inca Trail 2018

The Inca Trail system – inca Trail path to machu picchu – Inca trail was constructed in pre-Columbian South America, the Inca Trail system, or Qhapaq Ñan. was the most extensive. The network was based on two north-south Inca Trail roads. The eastern Inca Trail route ran high in Puna and mountain valleys from Quito, Ecuador to Mendoza, Argentina. The western Inca Trail route followed the coastal plain except in coastal deserts where it hugged the foothills. More than twenty Inca Trail routes ran over the western mountains, while others traversed the eastern cordillera in the montana and lowlands. Some of these Inca Trail roads reach heights of over 5,000 m ( 16,500 ft ) above sea level. The Inca trails connected the regions of the Inca empire from the northern provincial capital in Quito, Ecuador past the modern city of Santiago, Chile in the south. The Inca Trail road system linked together about 40,000 km of roadway and provided access to over three million km² of territory.the Inca Trail roads provided routes for rapid communication, personnel movement, and logistical support. The prime users were soldiers, porters and llama caravans, along with the nobility and individuals on official duty. Permission was required before others could walk along the roads, and tolls were charged at some bridges.Althought the Inca roads varied greatly in scale, construction and appearance, for the most part they varied between about one and four meters in width. Because the Incas did not make use of the wheel for transportation, and did not have horses until the arrival of the Spanish in Peru in the 16th century, the Inca trails were used almost exclusively by people walking, sometimes accompanied by pack animals, usually the llama. Relay messengers, or chasqui, stationed at intervals of 6 to 9 km , carried both messages and objects such as fresh marine fish for the rulers in the sierra. Messages consisted of knotted-cord records known as quipu along with a spoken message. Chaskis could cover an estimated 240 km on The Inca Trail per day. There were approximately 2,000 inns, or tambos, placed at even intervals along the Inca Trails. The inns provided food, shelter and military supplies to the tens of thousands who traveled the roads. There were corrals for llamas and stored provisions such as corn, lima beans, dried potatoes, and llama jerky. Along the Inca Trail roads, local villagers would plant fruit trees that were watered by irrigation ditches. Thisenabled chasqui runners and other travelers to be refreshed while on their journeys. Inca rope bridges provided access across valleys. The most important Inca trail road was the Camino Real, as it is known in Spanish, with a length of 5,200 km ( 3,230 mi ). It began in Quito, Ecuador, passed through Cusco, and ended in what is now Tucumán, Argentina. The Inca Trail or Camino Real traversed the mountain ranges of the Andes, with peak altitudes of more than 5,000 m . Inca Trail or Camino de la Costa , the coastal Inca Trail, with a length of 4,000 km ( 2,420 mi ), ran parallel to the sea and was linked with the Inca Trail or Camino Real by many smaller routes. The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is actually three routes, which all meet up near Inti-Pata, the ‘Sun Gate’ and entrance to Machu Picchu. The three Inca Trails are known as the Mollepata, Classic Inca Trail and One Day Inca Trail, with Mollepata being the longest of the three. Located in the Andes mountain range, the Inca Trail passes through several types of Andean environments including cloud forest and alpine tundra. Settlements, tunnels, and many Incan ruins are located along the Inca Trail before ending the terminus at the Sun Gate on Machu Picchu mountain. The two longer routes require an ascent to beyond 12,000 ft ( 3,660 m ) above sea level, which can result in altitude sickness. Concern about overuse leading to erosion has led the Peruvian government to place a limit on the number of people who may hike this Inca Trail per season, and to sharply limit the companies that can provide guides. As a result, advance booking is mandatory. A maximum of 500 people, including guides and porters, are permitted to begin the Inca Trail every day. As a result, the high season books out very quickly
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  • PRICES 2018
  • Package / Tour: Inca Trail 4D/3N
  • Price 2018: 400.00 USD$
  • Locations Visited: Inca Trail 4D/3N
  • Frequency: 3 Times of week
  • Physical Grading: 1-2-3-4-5
  • 2 People: 700 USD$ (Per Person)
  • 3 People: 550 USD$ (Per Person)
  • 4 a + People: 400 USD$ (Per Person)

Day 1: Cusco, Km 82 to Wayllabamba

In the morning at around 05:45am we will depart from the city of Cusco (3350m / 10990 ft); we will pick you up from your hotel and take you to the Sacred Valley of the Incas. This is where your trek will begin, and you will meet with Quechua porters who are responsible for carrying all the food and camping equipment for our expedition. The most common plants in this area are the large cactus, (Trichocereuspachanoi), Achupallas (Puya nail-Herculis). On this hike you will have the opportunity to see the large snow-capped mountain called Veronica or Huacayhuillca (5750m/18 865ft) you can see the Inca influence in Kanabamba and Llactapata, these are both famous archaeological sites with a rich history. Later we will stop in Tarachayoc to have lunch there; and afterwards continue walking towards the town of Wayllabamba and arrive at our designated campsite for dinner.L:D

Day 2: Wayllabamba - Warmihuañusca - Pacaymayo

After breakfast at approx 06:00 a.m. We’ll hike through the valley of Llulluchapampa (3850 / 12631ft) to the Andean forest, we’ll see Uncas trees typical of this area, different types of bromelias, the traditional straw plants used for building for thousands of years and also food for the lamas and alpacas. Shortly after we’ll get to the highest point of our trek which is called Warmihuañuska pass or dead woman pass (4200m/ 13780ft) with great views of the sacred snow-capped mountain Huayanay and Vilcabamba range. After a short break you will make your way down the deep valley of Pacaymayo (3500 /11483f) to have lunch, and there we will set up camp. After a rest, dinner will be served – B:L:D

Day 3: Pacaymayo - Wiñaywayna

After breakfast at approx. 5:30 am, we’ll climb up a set of steep stairs to Runkurakay archaeological site (3700 m.) and then continue to the second pass (3900m/12796ft), and walk downhill to another archaeological site called Sayacmarca to have lunch in Chaquicocha. This is considered the most beautiful day of the trip because of the incredible view of cloud forest, the Inca tunnels, the Inca trail cobblestone and of course the natural beauty of orchids, begonias, etc. At the third pass we’ll visit the town over the clouds (Phuyupatamarka 3700m/12136ft). From here you will be able to see the Machupicchu Mountain and finally walk down a set of stairs to Wiñaywayna (forever young 2650m/8692ft), this last campsite has a trekker lodge, a bar and bathrooms with hot shower facilities. We will then enjoy a farewell dinner at our camp. Meals: B:L:D

Day 4: Wiñaywayna to Machupicchu

On the fourth and last day we’ll need to get up at early at 4.00 am and leave Wiñaywayna an hour later to climb to the Intipunku, or The Sun Gate. This trip will take around an hour, hiking along a trail of flat stones on the edges of cliffs in the highland jungle. From this fabulous spot, we can see the sun rise over the sacred citadel of Machupicchu. From Intipunku we descend into Machupicchu, and 40 minutes later we’ll enter to the Citadel from the highest point through the ¨House of the Guardians¨. We then descend to the control point where we register ourselves with the authorities and leave our backpacks. We immediately begin a complete guided-tour of the Inca Citadel which will take approximately two hours. You will then have free time to walk around, climb the Huaynapicchu Mountain, where one can experience spectacular views of all of Machupicchu, the valleys and mountains that surround it (please note that only 400 visitors are allowed per day), or visit the Temple of the Moon or the impressive Inca Bridge. In the afternoon, we meet in the town of Aguas Calientes where, if you like, you can visit and relax in its hot springs. From here we take the train back to the city of Cusco, where we arrive after nightfall. B.

  • Professional, bilingual tour guide
  • Assistant tour guide (for groups of 9 or more people)
  • Pick up from your hotels in Cusco
  • Transportation bus to kilometre 82 and train* and bus to Cusco.
  • Water (only for first 4 hours of trek
  • we will provide you with drinking -previously boiled- water).
  • Entrance fee to Inca Trail and Machu Picchu
  • 3 breakfasts, 3 lunches, 3 dinners
  • Dining tent with tables and chairs
  • Professional cook
  • 4-man tent is provided for 2 people only
  • Sleeping mattress
  • Porters (they carry cooking and camping equipment)
  • Bus trip from Machu Picchu down to Aguas Calientes
  • Oxygen bottle
  • First aid kit
  • Original passport (and International Student card ISIC card if applicable)
  • Travel Insurance is essential
  • Sleeping bag (not included )
  • Walking boots
  • Waterproof jacket/rain poncho
  • Warm jacket
  • Hat and gloves
  • T-shirts
  • Comfortable trousers
  • Sun hat
  • Sun protection cream (factor 35 recommended)
  • Insect repellent
  • Water (only until lunch time on day 1)
  • Toiletries and hand sanitazer
  • Personal medication
  • Camera and films
  • Torch with spare batteries (headlamps are usefull

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