The national reserve protects important species considered to be endangered and is the best destination for observing curious fauna.

The Department of Madre de Dios, with its impressive forests, is one of the places most affected by deforestation in Peru, due to mining and illegal logging. Its emblematic nature reserve, Tambopata National Reserve Peru, is home to one of the highest biodiversity indexes in the world, which is why there is much concern about the near future of this wonder of nature.

The national reserve protects important species considered to be endangered and offers tourism a privileged destination for observing the diversity of flora and fauna.

During Tambopata Eco Tours you will have the opportunity to see some of the more than 632 species of birds reported, 1,200 of butterflies, 103 of amphibians, 180 of fish, 169 of mammals and 103 of reptiles.

10 Most Curious Tambopata Animals


Crystal wings butterfly

Cithaerias merolina is a species recognized for its transparent wings. This butterfly uses its transparency to hide from predators camouflaging in the background during flight. 

While its wings seem delicate, the butterfly is able to withstand up to 40 times its own weight.

Among one of their special behaviors is that of Lek. This behavior consists of a group of males competing for the right to mate with the females. In the lek, the males of high hierarchy inhabit in the center of a grouping of males accumulated among themselves, the less hierarchical ones are located in the most distant zones to the center of the grouping. When the female arrives, it goes directly to the center of the group of males, thus pairing with those of stronger genes.

The jaguar

It is the largest feline in the Americas

Unlike other felines, the jaguar does not avoid water – in fact, they are good swimmers and often hunt water turtles and alligators.

When they are born, jaguars are blind and can not walk. Their eyes open at approximately 8 days and they can walk when they have about 18 days.

The females do not let the males approach the young because they can eat them.

The green lizard

Ameiva ameiva is an active hunter of insects and small lizards.

The green lizard is active during the day with a peak of activity in the morning. In general, they remain on the ground, but in cold weather this thermophilic reptile can also climb the lower branches to take the sun. After sunset it can be found on hot stones or rocks

Like all lizards, the green lizard can also actively lose its tail in dangerous situations, that is, when it is threatened by a predator such as a marten, a weasel, a bird of prey, or a domestic cat. This is called “autotomy.” Starting with the sixth, each vertebra of the tail of the green lizard has a pre-prepared fracture site. Due to a sudden and strong contraction of the musculature of the circular tail, it can be separated from a greater or lesser portion of the tail as necessary.


Agile and fast, the agouti is a working and daytime animal, which also helps to replant some trees in some áreas of the Rainforest Peru that otherwise might have already been extinguished. .

It is curious that when they feed they always sit, keeping the body straight on their strong hind legs, so that they can stay alert if any threat is approaching. Another peculiarity is that the agoutis are monogamous and settle with their partner (which usually lasts all their lives) in a territory where they establish their “abode”.

The red howler monkey

Howler Monkeys are the noisiest animals in the Americas and possibly the world. Their howls, usually by the males, are made to warn other groups of Howler Monkeys of their location, who will answer them. They do this to avoid confrontations between groups, which expend energy.

As their leaf-based diet gives them little energy and they have difficulty digesting them, Red Howler Monkeys can spend more than 15 hours a day sleeping or resting.

The females seduce the males by moving their tongues rhythmically. If he succeeds, he will respond equally but if not, she will try another male.

The snake Dipsas variegata

It is a genus of non-poisonous snakes. It can tolerate a certain degree of deforestation.1 Its altitudinal range oscillates between 0 and 2000 masl.1 It is a terrestrial species that feeds exclusively on snails and slugs.

The marked arasarí

It is one of the smallest toucans, weighing about 130 g and measuring about 29 cm in length.

He spends his whole life in the trees and feeds on fruits, insects and spiders. Sometimes they eat eggs and newborn birds of other species. They use the pick as a pincer, stretching the neck forward to reach the food.

The big monkey frog

The big monkey frog is an arboreal animal that moves, usually, between the branches of trees. It does not usually jump, rather on the contrary, it walks.

This animal produces a secretion containing opioid peptides and is used to treat various diseases in traditional medicine. The poison of the big monkey frog is used by shamans to cleanse people’s bodies. This poison is known as kambó, and is made from the secretions of the fyllomedusa bicolor. It has been used for years in the Amazon as a natural medicine.

The Blue Lips Lizard

Is an arboreal species widespread in the Caribbean and South America.

Plica umbra is a diurnal and cryptic species. It has a diet specialized in ants and presents a type of ambush foraging. Despite being an ant specialist, it consumes other groups of arthropods, such as coleoptera, insect larvae, arachnids, orthoptera and hymenoptera.

The heron or black heron

The heron dwells in daytime habits, chooses to be in small groups or alone. It usually sleeps and nests in the places commonly known as garceros. It is associated with both freshwater and brackish wetlands.

It is an elegant and slow flying bird, which performs with the neck collected in an S, unlike other storks that do with their neck extended. Is very difficult to observe when you are practicing birdwatching, as it flies away as soon as it feels threatened.